About Blood Cancers
- Leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma are cancers that
originate in the bone marrow (in the case of leukemia and myeloma) or in lymphatic tissues (in the case of lymphoma).
These cancers have two things in common: cells
are abnormal because of altered DNA, and cells accumulate in excessive amounts.
An estimated 106,300 people in the U.S. will be
diagnosed with a blood cancer including leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma and myeloma. Blood cancers
will kill approximately 58,000. This is 10.5% of the total number of cancer deaths in the country.
Every five minutes someone in the U.S. will learn
he or she has a blood cancer - more than 300 a day. Every nine minutes, another child or adult is expected to die from
a blood cancer.
leukemia (ALL) is the most common form of childhood leukemia. It has a good survival rate, at 85% for children with
the disease. In 1960, the chances of survival for a child with ALL were only 4%.
is still the leading cause of disease death in children under age 15. However, it kills 10 times more adults than children.
half of all adults who have leukemia are over age 64.
statistics, the overall five-year survival rate has actually tripled in the past 40 years, to 46% - thanks to research and
Lymphoma (a group of cancers that originate in the lymphatic system)
lymphoma is the fifth most common cancer in the U.S.
non-Hodgkin lymphoma have been rising 2.8% a year since 1975 - with no known explanation.
survival rate for Hodgkin lymphoma is 85%, compared to 56% survival for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
is now considered to be on of the most curable forms of cancer.
a cancer of the plasma cells and is rare compared to other blood cancers. The cause is unknown and survival rate is
14,000 people will be diagnosed with myeloma this year; most cases occur in people over 60 years old. Incident rates
are also higher among African Americans.