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What is Leukemia, Lymphoma & Myeloma?

Racing to find a cure!

About Blood Cancers
  • Leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma are cancers that originate in the bone marrow (in the case of leukemia and myeloma) or in lymphatic tissues (in the case of lymphoma).
  • These cancers have two things in common: cells are abnormal because of altered DNA, and cells accumulate in excessive amounts.
  • An estimated 106,300 people in the U.S. will be diagnosed with a blood cancer including leukemia, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, Hodgkin lymphoma and myeloma.  Blood cancers will kill approximately 58,000.  This is 10.5% of the total number of cancer deaths in the country.
  • Every five minutes someone in the U.S. will learn he or she has a blood cancer - more than 300 a day.  Every nine minutes, another child or adult is expected to die from a blood cancer.

 

About Leukemia

  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL) is the most common form of childhood leukemia.  It has a good survival rate, at 85% for children with the disease.  In 1960, the chances of survival for a child with ALL were only 4%.
  • Leukemia is still the leading cause of disease death in children under age 15.  However, it kills 10 times more adults than children.
  • More than half of all adults who have leukemia are over age 64.
  • Despite these statistics, the overall five-year survival rate has actually tripled in the past 40 years, to 46% - thanks to research and better treatments!

About Lymphoma (a group of cancers that originate in the lymphatic system)

  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is the fifth most common cancer in the U.S.
  • Cases of non-Hodgkin lymphoma have been rising 2.8% a year since 1975 - with no known explanation.
  • The five-year survival rate for Hodgkin lymphoma is 85%, compared to 56% survival for patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma.
  • Hodgkin lymphoma is now considered to be on of the most curable forms of cancer.

About Myeloma

  • Myeloma is a cancer of the plasma cells and is rare compared to other blood cancers.  The cause is unknown and survival rate is only 31%.
  • An estimated 14,000 people will be diagnosed with myeloma this year; most cases occur in people over 60 years old.  Incident rates are also higher among African Americans.

 

 

 

 

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